About Us India and Poland

Embassy of India, Warsaw

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India-Poland Relations

I.  Political Relations

India & Poland share a long-standing friendly relationship, marked by high level political contacts and vibrant economic engagement. Diplomatic relations were established in 1954, leading to the opening of the Indian Embassy in Warsaw in 1957.  The two countries shared common ideological perceptions, based on their opposition to colonialism, imperialism and racism.  During the Communist era, bilateral relations were close and cordial, with regular high level visits (several VVIP visits from India – beginning with Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru in 1955 - and four from Poland), coupled with planned trade and economic interactions by state trading organizations, underpinned by the rupee clearing arrangements.  In this period, significant exchanges continued in defense, science and technology, and culture.

The relationship continued to remain close after Poland chose the democratic path in 1989. India and Poland transitioned to hard currency trading arrangements that were sustained by rising levels of trade as both economies grew in size and heft. A cordial political relationship has emerged in the current century, particularly after Poland joined the EU in 2004, and became India’s key economic partner in Central Europe.

Visits

02. Over the decades, India and Poland have had robust exchanges at the level of Heads of State and Government. Earlier major visits from India to Poland include: Presidents V.V. Giri (1970), Zail Singh (1986), S.D. Sharma (1996) and Prime Ministers Jawaharlal Nehru (1955), Indira Gandhi (1967) and Morarji Desai (1979). From the Polish side, visits include: Presidents Alexander Kwasniewski (1998), Lech Walesa (1994 and 1998), Prime Ministers Cyrankieweicz (1957) and Jaroszewicz (1973), Polish United Workers’ Party First Secretary Gierek (1977) and Gen. Jaruszelski (1985).

03. After democracy came to Poland in 1990, high-level contacts continued with the visits of Polish President Aleksander Kwasniewski (1998) and Polish PM Leszek Miller (2003). The President of India, Smt. PratibhaPatil, visited Poland in April 2009, and Polish PM Donald Tusk paid a state visit to India in September 2010. The Polish Dy.PM and the Minister of Culture and National Heritage, Prof. Piotr Glinski visited India in January 2017 to attend the Vibrant Gujarat Summit.  Vice President of India, Shri M. Hamid Ansari visited Poland in April, 2017. A high level delegation led by Minister of State (Food Processing Industries) SadhviNiranjanJyoti visited Poland in July 2017. The Polish Deputy Foreign Minister in-charge of Asia, accompanied by the Deputy Minister for Energy, led an official and business delegation to the Bengal Global Business Summit in January 2018. Krzysztof Szczerski, Secretary of State and Chief of the Cabinet of the President of the Republic of Poland visited India in January 2019. Deputy Minister of Infrastructure to India MrMikolaj Wild, supported by other officials from the Ministry and representatives of Civil Aviation also visited India in January 2019. EAM Dr S. Jaishankar visited Poland from 28-29 August 2019. Undersecretary of State of Poland Marcin Przydacz visited India on 13 September 2019 to inaugurate direct flight from Warsaw to Delhi.

04. Visit by Dy.PM to India (January 2017): The Polish Dy.PM and the Minister of Culture and National Heritage, Prof. Piotr Glinski, led a 27-member official delegation, including the Deputy Ministers of Economic Development and Foreign Affairs, as well as the two Marshals (CMs) of Podkarpackie and Mazowieckie Provinces of Poland, to the 8th Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit in January, 2017.  Poland was the Partner Country at the Vibrant Gujarat Summit 2017.

05. Vice President’s visit to Poland: The then Vice President, Shri Hamid Ansari, visited Poland on an official visit from April 2017, leading a high-level delegation, including Shri Giriraj Singh, Minister of State for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises and four Members of Parliament from both Houses – Shri Sita Ram Yechuri, Shri D.P. Tripathi, Shri Vivek K. Tankha and Shri ThupstanChhewang. During the visit, the HVP held extensive talks with the Prime Minister, President and the Marshal (Speaker) of the Senate (Upper House). The Hon’ble Vice President addressed, jointly with the Polish Prime Minister, an Indo-Polish Business Summit at the Ministry of Economic Development in Warsaw. He also formally inaugurated the newly-built Embassy complex in Warsaw. During the visit, an agreement on cooperation in agriculture and allied sector was signed. The VVIP visit, after a gap of nine years, helped to greatly reinvigorate the warm bilateral ties between India and Poland.

06. Bengal Global Business Summit: The Polish Deputy Foreign Minister in-charge of Asia, accompanied by the Deputy Minister for Energy, led an official and business delegation to the Bengal Global Business Summit in January 2018. A state to state partnership was signed between West Bengal and Upper Silesia during the event.

07. Visit of Minister of State (Food Processing Industries) to Poland (July 2017): A high level delegation led by Minister of State (MOS) SadhviNiranjanJyoti visited Poland on 10-13 July to extend personal invitation to the host to become a partner and participant country in the India’s first mega food show, World Food India .

08. Visit of Krzysztof Szczerski, Secretary of State and Chief of the Cabinet of the President to India: Krzysztof Szczerski visited India in January 2019. He met EAM, MoS (VKS) and MoS (Independent Charge) for Culture and Tourism. The core and central agenda of his visit was to discuss an formulate a calendar of high-level visits, including the long-pending visit by the President of Poland to India.

09. Visit of Deputy Minister of Infrastructure to India (Jan 2019): Polish Deputy Minister of Infrastructure MrMikolaj Wild led a delegation from the Min. Civil Aviation Authority  to participate in Global Aviation Summit in Mumbai.

10. Visit of EAM to Poland: EAM Dr S. Jaishankar visited Poland on 28-29 August 2019. The last visit by a Minister of External Affairs was in 1987. EAM held delegation level talks with his Polish counterpart Foreign Minister Jacek Czaputowicz, which was followed by joint address to the local media. A Joint Statement was issued at the end of the visit, wherein Poland expressed its commitment to support global efforts to combat terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, particularly cross-border terrorism. During his visit, EAM also met with Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki, Deputy Prime Minister Piotr Glinski. EAM’s visit, a first visit by an EAM in over 30 years, was much appreciated by the Polish side as they have been pointing out lack of high-level visits as a major lacuna in the bilateral relations. EAM also carried an invitation letter for Polish President to visit India.

11. Visit of Undersecretary of State Marcin Przydacz’s visit to India on 13 September 2019-LOT flight inauguration: Marcin Przydacz, Under Secretary of State,  visited India in September 2019 on the occasion of inauguration of Polish Airlines LOT’s direct flight on the Warsaw – Delhi sector. During the  visit, he  met with MoS(IC) for Civil Aviation Shri Hardeep Singh Puri and discussed possibility of creating a broader network of air connections in the future and also informed about plans of Poland to build the Solidarity Transport Hub (CPK) in Poland which  will be the largest airport in Central Europe and will give a new impetus to Polish economy’s rapid growth. He  also had a fruitful meeting with  Secretary (ER) .

Agreements

12. A number of bilateral agreements are operational that includes: Agreement on Cultural Cooperation (1957); Agreement on Avoidance of Double Taxation (1981); Agreement on Cooperation in Science and Technology (1993); Protocol on Foreign Office Consultations (1996); Agreement on Promotion and Protection of Investments (1996); Agreement on Cooperation in Combating Organized Crime and International Terrorism (2003); MOU on Defence Cooperation (2003); Extradition Treaty (2003); Agreement on Economic Cooperation (2006); Agreement on Cooperation in the field of Health Care and Medical Science (2009); and Agreement on Cooperation in the field of Tourism (2009); agreement on audio-visual coproduction (2012); protocol on amending the agreement on avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes and income (2013); agreement on exemption from visa requirement for holders of diplomatic passports (2015); agreement on cooperation in agriculture and allied sectors (2017); and Cooperation in the area of Coal Mining (2019).

Parliamentary Exchanges

13. Contacts between the Indian and Polish Parliaments were established after the overthrow of the Communist system in 1989. Polish parliamentary delegations have visited India in December 1992, March 2000, January 2003 and December 2004. Speaker of Lok Sabha, Shri Manohar Joshi, led a multi-party Parliamentary delegation to Poland in May 2002. Subsequently, a Parliamentary Friendship Group with Poland was constituted in both the Parliaments. A 19-member Polish-Indian Parliamentary Group, comprising members from both Sejm (Lower House) and the Senate (Upper House) was formed in Poland in October 2015. Following parliamentary election in October 2019.the members of the Group was reconstituted in August 2021.

Foreign Office Consultations

14. Both sides have been regularly engaging in Foreign Office Consultations (FOCs) since 1996.  The 8th FOC was held in Delhi in January 2018 co-chaired by Secretary (West) and the Polish Deputy Foreign Minister (in-charge of Asia) Marek Magierowski. The 9th Foreign Office Consultations between India & Poland were held virtually on August 10, 2020. From the Polish side, the meeting was chaired by Mr. Marcin Przydacz, Undersecretary of State for Security, the Americas, Asia and Eastern Policy- Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Poland and from the Indian side by Mr. VikasSwarup, Secretary ( West) in the Ministry of External Affairs.

Support at multilateral fora

15. Poland has been a steadfast friend and supporter of India at all international organizations. Poland has been continuously supporting India’s candidature for a permanent seat in an expanded UNSC. Poland’s Prime Minister Donald Tusk, during his visit to India in September 2010, re-affirmed Poland’s support for India’s candidature. Poland   also extended support for India’s candidature for the UNSC non-permanent seat in 2021-22, Indian candidatures at International Maritime Organization (IMO), World Health Organization (WHO) and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) in 2019.

Article 370/NRC/CAA

16. Poland took the EU position on Kashmir that underlined the importance of avoiding an escalation of tensions in the region and supports a bilateral political solution between India and Pakistan over Kashmir, which remains the only way to solve a long-lasting dispute that causes instability and insecurity in the region. EAM had spoken, on phone, with FM Czaputowicz, on 6 August 2019 following revocation of Article 370 as Poland was holding the Presidency of UNSC for the month of August, which helped in Poland’s positive stand on Pakistan’s attempts, through China, to raise the issue of revocation of Article 370 in UNSC. On CAA/NRC, Poland considers the legislation an internal matter of India.

Multilateral Export Control Regimes

17. Poland is a member of all four multilateral export control regimes. It has been generally supportive of India’s campaign for membership. Poland supported India’s membership of the MTCR, Wassenaar Arrangement and is vocally supportive in NSG meetings.

Think Tank consultations

18. The Indian Council of World Affairs (ICWA) and the Polish Institute of International Affairs (PISM) has in place an institutional mechanism to hold round-table consultations every two years. The 6thSixth ICWA- Polish Institute for International Affairs (PISM) Conference on “India-Poland Relations” was held in Delhi in January 2020. The 8th ICWA – PISM (The Polish Institute of international Affairs) Strategic Dialogue was held virtually on 24th November 2021.

Policy Planning Dialogue 2021- The first India-Poland Foreign Policy Planning Dialogue of 2021 took place on a virtual platform on 28th January. There was a wide-ranging discussion on geo-strategic and geo-economic outlook, emerging trends and their long-term implication.

Defense Cooperation

19. Defense cooperation between India and Poland was a key factor in bilateral relations between the two countries in the past. Poland has been resolutely supportive to India even during our difficult years, continuing to maintain military supplies to our Armed Forces, even as few countries imposed unilateral sanctions on us in the aftermath of Pokaran-II in 1998. A Defence Cooperation Agreement between India and Poland was signed on 17 February 2003 during the visit of Polish Prime Minister, Mr.Leszek Miller to India.

JWG on Defence

20. During the visit of RM to Poland in November 2004, both sides agreed to set up a Joint Working Group (JWG) on defence cooperation under the provisions of the Indo-Polish Agreement on Defence Cooperation of 2003, to cover all aspects of defence cooperation including procurement, production and marketing, R&D, and military-to-military relations.  The first meeting of the JWG, led by Secretary (Defence Production) on the Indian side, was held on 3-4 April 2006.  Seven Indo - Polish JWG meetings have been held thereafter till date, with the last meeting held at New Delhi on 10-11Dec 2013. The 8th Indo-Polish Joint Working Group meeting which was scheduled to be held in Warsaw in April 2019 was postponed, at request from our side.

21. Bilateral Military Cooperation: Summary of recent significant military to military cooperation is enumerated below:

  • Visit by Chief of Integrated Defence Staff: At the invitation of the Ministry of National Defence of Poland, a three-member delegation led by Lt Gen Satish Dua, PVSM, Chief of Integrated Defence Staff, visited Poland on 18-21 March 2018 for bilateral discussions.           
  • UN Peace Keeping:  Cooperation between Centre for United Nations Peacekeeping (CUNPK), New Delhi and the Polish Peacekeeping Forces Training Centre (MTC), Kielce commenced with the attachment of Polish Instructor at CUNPK in October 2017. During November 2017 and February 2018, two senior officers from the Polish Training Centre attended the training programme at the CUNPK, New Delhi.

22. NDC Visit:  A 15-member delegation from the 57th NDC course, led by Lt Gen Satish Dua and including four foreign course members, visited Poland on a study tour from 28 May to 2 June 2017. The delegation called on the Chief of General Staff of the Polish Armed Forces, attended a briefing meeting at the Military University of Technology (MUT), visited the Maritime Operations Centre, Naval Base and Naval Academy in Gdynia; War Studies Academy, Rembertow (NDC’s Polish counterpart) in Warsaw; and, the 6th Airborne Brigade headquarters in Krakow. Earlier on 18 – 23 May 2014, a 16-member NDC delegation, led by Air Vice Marshall IP Vipin, VM and including three foreign course members from Egypt, Myanmar and Nepal, visited Poland on a study tour of foreign countries as part of its one-year curriculum of National Security and Strategic Studies. A delegation of the National Defense College (NDC) delegation was scheduled to visit Poland in June 2020, which got postponed due to the Corona pandemic.

23. Non-implementation of BEML-PHO contract for supply of ARVs: In 2012, BEML and M/s Bumar (currently Polish Holding Company-PHO) had concluded a contract for supply of 204 Armoured Recovery Vehicles (WZT-3). However, since then the contract has remained pending, mainly on account of agreement on issues concerning the extent of Indigenization, exchange rate variation and liquidity damage. The value of pending contract is currently estimated at US$181 million. A PHO team visited Bengaluru in April 2017 and held discussions with BEML on contentious issues. To carry forward the discussions, a BEML team led by its Chairman and Managing Director visited Poland in February 2019 and discussed the issues further with PHO and also physically inspected the readiness of BumarLabedy factory near Katowice.  Our inability to finalise the long-pending contract has led to increased defence cooperation between Poland and our Western neighbour. This is also hampering reconvening of 8th meeting of the Joint Working Group on Defence (last meeting held in 2013 and the meeting scheduled in April 2019, was postponed) and defence industry cooperation, as Poland is keen to first conclude the outstanding ARV contract before embarking on any new cooperation in the field of defence.

II. Economic & commercial Relations

24. Bilateral Trade:  Poland continues to be India’s largest trading & investment partner in Central & Eastern Europe. Over the period 2010-2020, the total bilateral trade with Poland has witnessed an increase of 107.9% i.e. from US$1.32bn in 2010 to US$ 2.73bn in 2020.Despite the pandemic, there has been marginal decrease in the volume of bilateral trade i.e. 2.73bn in 2020 against 2.85bn in 2019 (4% decrease). The volume of bilateral trade peaked in 2017 reaching US $ 3.1bn.India’s exports to Poland have grown from US$ 987mn in 2010 to US$ 2101mn in 2019 i.e. an absolute growth of 1113% in a decade. The volume of export at its peak in 2017 i.e US$2444mn. The trade balance continues to be largely in favor of India. The ratio of India’s exports to imports which was 2.4 times in 2009 now stands at 2.9 times. The trade balance registering an export to import ratio of 3.8 times, was at its best in 2015.

Growth of trade between India and Poland, 2010-2020(Figures in US$ million)


US $ mn

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

2021

Indian Exports to Poland

987

1354

1244

1465

1722

1747

2099

2444

2136

2120

2100

3185

Indian Imports from Poland

333

523

665

491

552

464

669

736

818

731

632

1122

Total India-Poland Bilateral trade

1321

1877

1910

1956

2274

2211

2769

3180

2955

2851

2733

4307

{Source: Central Statistical Office of Poland; Trade Figures in US$ million; Calendar year basis Jan-Dec}

25. The top 10 items of Indian export includes 1. Textiles and textilearticles 2. Base metals andarticles thereof 3.Products ofchemical industry 4. Machinery andmechanicalappliances,electrical andelectro-technicalequipment5. Footwear, headgear6. Transportequipment 7. Plastic, rubber andmaterials thereof 8. Prepared foodstuff 9.Articles of stone,ceramic products,glass10 Vegetable products. The top 10 items of Indian import from Poland includes (1) Machinery andmechanicalappliances, electricaland electro technicalequipment (2). Mineral products (3). Base metals andarticles (4). Plastic, rubber andarticles thereof (5). Products ofchemical industry (6).Optical,photographic,measuring, checkinginstruments etc (7). Transport equipment (8).Miscellaneousmanufacturedarticles (9). Pulp of wood, paper,and similar (10) Articles of stone,ceramic, glass.

(a) Indian investment in Poland has been steadily growing over the years and is now estimated over  USD 3 bln. The Indian companies are partner in Poland’s development and thus creating substantial number of jobs locally. The Indian IT companies are spearheading Indian investment in Poland and are estimated to employ nearly 10.000 Polish experts. The Indian companies active in Poland include those of the IT and outsourcing sectors, such as Genpact, Infosys, KPIT-Infosystems, HCL, Tata Consultancy Services, Wipro, and Zensar Technologies. UFLEX has started a plastic wrap factory in Wrze?nia in 2012, and proceeded to open a second manufacturing unit in the same town in 2018. The two Indian companies that are running their factories in the town of Kostrzy? are EsselPropack (where it produces laminated tubes) and Novo Tech (a manufacturer or polymer products), while VVF is managing a soap factory in Racibórz. Some of the companies that have entered the Polish marketthrough acquisitions include Berger Paints India, Escorts, Glenmark Pharmaceuticals, Lambda Therapeutics Research, Lumel SA and Tata Global Beverages.

(b) From April 2000 to September 2020, India recorded over $685 million of foreign direct investment from Poland, just 0.14 percent of its total FDI inflows in that period.  As for the Polish companies operating on the Indian market, TZMO is running a factory of sanitary materials for women in Dindigulu (Tamil Nadu) and has been present in India for 14 years now. Can Pack had started a beverage cans factory in Aurangabad (Maharasthra) in 2009. It proceeded to open a glass bottles manufacturing unit in the same city in 2014, and then another can factory in Nuh (Haryana) in 2018. In the previous years, Polmor signed a contract with the Indian branch of the Canadian company Bombardier to provide it with elements used for the construction of trains (Polmor Steel, a subsidiary of the Polish mother company, now has its manufacturing unit in Hyderabad, Telangana). SECO/WARWICK, a producer of furnaces, has been active in India for the past 9 years, and moved on to a new facility in Mahape (Maharashtra) in 2017. In 2014, Maflow Group, a producer of air conditioning tubes, opened its factory in Pune (Maharashtra). Billenium, an IT company, opened its office in India in 2017, and then shifted to a larger one in 2018. EKOLOG, a firm that focuses on clean technologies, announced its entrance on the Indian market in 2016, and won a tender to build an Integrated Solid Waste Management Center for the airport in Bengaluru (Karnataka). Moreover, in the recent years a Polish bus-making company, Solaris – one of the leading producers of electric buses in Europe – entered into a joint venture with an Indian counterpart, JBM Auto, to produce these kinds of vehicles for the Indian market)

Institutional Linkages and Sectoral Collaboration

27. 5th JCEC:  The fifth session of the Indo-Polish Joint Commission for Economic Cooperation was held in November 2017 which was co-chaired by Secretary in the Department of the Industrial Policy and Promotion from the Indian side and Deputy Minister, Ministry of Economic Development from the Polish side. The common target of both countries to achieve a 20% growth in bilateral trade in the 4th session of JCEC in June 2015 had sought to strongly increase their economic engagement setting a target of 20% growth in bilateral trade.

28. Mining/energy sector: Poland possesses reputed clean coal technologies and Polish public sector companies have played a substantial role in development of mining and power sectors in India. Coal India Limited’s trainee engineers are already receiving training in Polish mines which specializes in intelligent mining. The Polish Ministry of Energy has repeatedly participated at the Bengal Global Summit during the years 2017 and 2018, along with major mining companies of Poland such as JSW and KGHM.   India and Poland signed a Memorandum of Understanding on 4 February 2019, in New Delhi to enhance bilateral cooperation in the coal and mining sector. The MoU was signed by the Minister of State for Coal and Mines, Shri HaribhaiParthibhai Chaudhary, and the Deputy Minister of Energy of Poland, Mr. GrzegorzTobiszowski. Rising energy requirements have increased dependency on hard coal in both countries and this cooperation would enhance exchange of R&D information, use of clean coal technologies, underground/intelligent mining, apart from providing a structured framework for bilateral cooperation. Polish companies participate actively in IMME Kolkata every year.

29.  A JWG on Coal exists and its first meeting was held in Warsaw in June 2015. The following areas have been identified for further cooperation: (i) coal mine methane extraction and usage; (ii) reclamation of mined out areas; (iii) extraction of coal from the standing pillars of underground mines; (iv) overburden dump and bench slope stability in opencast mines; and (v) capacity building programs for officials of CMPDIL/CIL in mine planning, for deep underground mines, ventilation, gas management and strata management.

30.  Agro-food Processing: The Food-Processing industry is at a nascent stage in India which provides lot of opportunities for Polish investment in the sector and this also serves government priority to raise farmer’s income. The Polish capabilities and advance technologies in the food processing industry is well recognized. Polish food processing companies and entrepreneurs could participate in the Mega Food Parks being set up in India. The state of Punjab, have been exploring opportunities in setting up agricultural machinery plants in India, obtaining food processing equipment and techniques, horticulture and flower cultivation with support of Polish technology.

31.  A JWG on Food Processing has been set up and its first meeting was held in Warsaw in June 2015. Dy.CM of Punjab, Shri Sukhbir Singh Badal, led a 9-member official and business contingent to Poland in July 2015 and had multiple and substantive interactions with Polish Ministers, regional leaders and senior government officials in Warsaw and Lublin, to explore agriculture and food-processing sector cooperation. A Lubelskie business delegation participated in the ‘Progressive Punjab Investors Summit’ held in October 2015 in Mohali, where Poland was a Partner Country.

32.  1st JWG on Agriculture:  The 1st Joint Working Group (JWG) on Agriculture Cooperation was held on 14 March 2018 in New Delhi. The agenda items for discussion included consideration of India’s request to Poland for supporting its meat and dairy products exports to the EU market while Poland sought facilitation for exporting one day chicks, hatch eggs and Polish fresh fruits(blueberries, raspberries and seeds of strawberries)  to the promising and huge Indian market. Polish side was represented by Polish Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, MrBogucki who held meetings with Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare and  SmtHarsimrat Kaur Badal, Union Minister for Food Processing Industries.

33.  After the revision of phytosanitary conditions for import of Polish apples to India by GOI in August, 2017, Polish export companies such as Sweizeowoce have seen their exports to India grow by as much as 300% . The Indian side is expecting reciprocity from Poland in respect of exports of Wheat, Mangoes etc to Poland. Poland, on the other hand, is looking to export blue berries and other agricultural products to India.

34.  IT and ICT: The Indian and Polish IT & ICT companies complement rather than compete with each other, as manifested by the presence of a significant number of blue-chip Indian IT companies in Poland. The synergy between the Polish and the Indian companies can deal in attracting more IT projects to Poland from Europe and trans-Atlantic regions. Around 11 Indian IT companies, employing more than 10,000 professionals, are currently active in Poland and are operating also their Europe operation from here. Growth in the Polish IT industry is driven by rising incomes, investment in data networks, high levels of computer literacy support and retail hardware demand. Indian companies have sensed opportunities in Poland for over a decade and have made it a destination of choice for near-shoring operations targeted at Europe.

35.   A JWG on IT exists and its first meeting was held in Warsaw in June 2015. The meeting identified capacity building, skill development, research and development and innovation in emerging technology, and entrepreneurship development as areas of cooperation. The 2nd JWG on IT & ICT, held in November 2017, expressed eagerness to increase academic cooperation in R&D sector. An MoU has already been signed between CDAC Pune and Poznan Super computing and Networking Center on HPC Application in area of Bioinformatics.

36.   S&T Cooperation:  During the 5th JCEC session in November 2017, both sides had noted that there exists a vast potential in bilateral R&D cooperation and agreed to further their efforts to improve the existing cooperation in the area. Both sides further noted that, under the Agreement for Cooperation in Science & Technology signed on January 12, 1993 between Government of Poland and Government of India, they are in active partnership in the area of scientific research. Indian side has offered to hold the next meeting of the Joint Science and Technology Committee meeting in India. Due to repeated postponement of the meeting from our side, Polish side is now not showing any interest in holding the meeting.

37.  In response to its Call for Proposals, DST had received 79 projects from the scientific community in India for joint research between Indian and Polish scientific institutions in diverse areas, such as smart fabric-based wound dressing, super massive black holes, obesity and female fertility, ethnographic study of Physiotherapy education in Poland, exploring the development of a microbial process for biogenic methane production from lignite coal bed, anti-Alzheimer agents, genetic bio markers for breast cancer sub types, renewable resources, anti fungal drugs, crop health status monitoring, research on groundwater, effectiveness of traditional Indian medicines, an efficient software defined network based framework for big data processing cloud data centre, green infrastructure solutions to modern agglomerations, sustainable finance and banking etc others.

38.   Pharmaceutical and chemicals Sector: Given Poland’s strategic location, shortages in health care personnel and 25% growth in pharma market in last 5 years, there are good opportunities for Indian exporters and investors. OTC drugs, food supplements and generic drugs are particular areas of opportunities, knowledge of EU market regulations and JVs with local pharma manufactures may prove to be particularly beneficial. India is the largest provider of generic drugs globally with the Indian generics accounting for 20% of global exports in terms of volume. India enjoys an important position in the global pharmaceuticals sector. However, currently only one Indian company is engaged in some hospital supplies in Poland. Chemical Industry is a major sector of Polish economy and Poland is a net importer of chemicals. Chemical products figures in top 5 exports items from India to Poland with organic chemicals taking the lead.

39.  Poland is largely dependent on India for active substances for critical medicines. India accounts for 26% of EU’s import of active substances for critical medicines.  India is the main supplier of ibuprofen to Europe. Indian raw materials are widely used in the production of paracetamol and ibuprofen. Poland also import raw materials for the production of antibiotics - salt of erythromycin (for the treatment of respiratory tract infections, skin, urinary tract infections and postoperative infections), acyclovir (for shingles and herpes); neomycin used for wound infections and rifampicin for tuberculosis.

40.  Auto components: The Indian auto-components industry has experienced healthy growth over the last few years. Some Indian automotive and auto-component companies have expressed interest in exploring opportunities in this hitherto untapped segment of Polish economy. Solaris-JBM JV in Haryana for producing electric buses is a good initiative showcasing growing Indo-Polish business relations. Polish government promotes R&D investment and is strongly interested in attracting innovative technology firms to operate locally. Poland can be a technology manufacturing hub for innovative Indian projects. In this way, India can supply R&D to Polishmanufacturers, with later possibility of creating technological enterprise to supply innovation to the whole European Union.

41.   Poland offers excellent opportunities to Indian investors and exporters in the automotive sector.  With number of imported used cars being close to one million units per annum, Poland is a large market for used vehicles with average price of 7,000 Euros. Indian manufacturers are recognizing this opportunity for using near shoring strategy to offer new cars of the same price range for sale in Poland and nearby CEE countries, where used car imports are flourishing. Poland’s Solaris Bus & Coach Company signed, on 14 July 2016, a JV agreement with JBM Auto for manufacturing electric and hybrid buses in India.  Mahindra & Mahindra Group is exploring possibilities in automatic cars, electric cars and scooters, among others.

42.  Textile Sector: Textile continues to be the largest segment in the Indian exports to Poland. Polish Imports of textiles and textile articles from India have grown from US$ 280 mn in 2009 to US$ 472 mn in 2019 marking an absolute growth of 69% in a decade. However, the share of Indian textiles in Polish import basket has decreased from 3.91% in 2009 to 3.52% in 2019. China, Germany, Bangladesh and Turkey are the major competitors in the textile sector accounting for around 60% of total textile imports by Poland. There are nearly 150 Indian textile trading companies in Poland. India’s textile exports to Poland are affected mainly by the duties applied on Indian textiles vis a vis competitors, mainly Bangladesh, Turkey and Pakistan. In case of Bangladesh, lower labor costs in Bangladesh coupled with the advantage of 0% import duties by the EU ( due to their FTA) renders Bangladesh exports cheaper by about 20% as compared to India. Other competitors like Pakistan & Turkey also have the advantage of facing little or no import duties on their exports to Poland due to FTA agreements while Indian exports face an obstacle of 9.27% import duty

43.  Engineering Sector Collaboration: Polish public sector companies have, in the past, played a substantial role in development of mining and power sectors in India. They have collaborated in reorganization of some Indian collieries, besides supplying mining machinery, equipment, technical know-how and training. India showcased its engineering products in the ‘India Show’ at Poznan, Poland in June 2014, in which more than 100 Indian engineering companies, chiefly from the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises sector, participated.

44.  Renewable energy collaboration: Poland sees India as a major market for its technologies, particularly green technologies like Clean coal, solar, waste water etc. Domestically Poland aims to increase the use of renewable energy sources in its energy consumption as well as production of equipment for renewable energy. In this context an invitation has been extended to the Government of Poland to consider joining the ISA as a Partner country.

45.  Ayurveda and Herbal medicines: Under the aegis of the Embassy, an initiative had been launched to leverage the Polish Indian Cooperation Center, “Sulislaw Yoga and Ayurveda Institute’ at Sulislaw, to spearhead the Ayurveda promotion strategy in Poland. This organization is poised to lead the activities proposed by an “Indo Poland Ayurveda Foundation” which would have an Advisory Council comprising of the Ambassador of India as honorary patron and other key Indo-Polish/European players related to Ayurveda and Yoga promotion, health, Culture and Education and suppliers of Indian Ayurveda products in Poland. A delegation from AYUSH also visited Sulislaw during 22-25 June, 2017 and participated in the IV International Scientific Conference on Yoga and Ayurveda, organized at Sulislaw.

46. Sub-national Partnership: Six State-to-State cooperation/partnerships agreements, with a strong emphasis on economic and commercial cooperation exist between India and Poland. They include the important MoU between Punjab and Lubelskie region and also between erstwhile Andhra Pradesh and Malopolska region. In October, 2016, a cooperation agreement was signed between Karnataka and Wielkopolska region. During the 2017 Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit, two MoUs were signed between Mazovia as well as Podkarpackie regions of Poland with the State of Gujarat. While, another MoU was signed between Upper Silesia and West Bengal in January 2018. Five more State-to-State cooperation agreements are under discussion between the respective State/provincial Governments of both countries.

47.    Exchange of Government and Business delegations

(a) A delegation led by Shri Om Prakash Dhankar, Hon’ble Agriculture &farmers Welfare Minister visited Poland in May 2019 to study the wholesale fruit, vegetable, and flowers markets and to engage with senior Government officials in charge of agriculture cooperation from the Polish side.

(b) Delegations from Bihar and West Bengal Govt. visited Katowice Poland in May 2018 to attend the European Economic Congress. The Bihar delegation was headed by Bihar Dy. CM, Shri Sushil Kumar Modi, and the West Bengal delegation was led by the Minister of Power & Non-Conventional Energy Sources, Shri Sobhandeb Chattopadhyay.

(c) Participation of a 20 member Texprocil delegation in a Textile seminar in Lodz  in June 2019.

(d) Participation of a trade delegation from Plexconcil (Plastics Promotion Export Council) in the Plastpol 2019 trade fair at Kielce in May 2019, which is  the largest plastics processing trade fair in Poland and Central Europe.

(e) Participation of a 50 member trade delegation from the PHD Chamber of Commerce in the Warsaw Gifts and Deco Show in May 2019. An ‘India Pavilion’ showcasing a wide variety of original products was set up during the exhibition. During the inaugural event, an MOU on trade cooperation was signed between the PHD Chamber of Commerce and PTAK Warsaw.

(f) Shri A. Venkataramani, President of ACMA (Automotive Component Manufacturers Association of India) led a business delegation to Warsaw in February 2019 to explore business and investment opportunities in Poland. During the visit ACMA & Polish Association of Distributors and Manufacturers of Automotive Parts (SDCM) signed a MoU.

(g) A delegation from Invest India participated in The World Association of Investment Promotion Agencies (WAIPA) Conference held in October 2019. Invest India was selected for the position of WAIPA Steering Committee Vice-President for the tenure 2019-21.

(h) A delegation from theGovernment of Karnataka visited Poland in November 2019 to participate in Fast Textiles Expo held at PTAK Warsaw. The delegation visited Ludz which is the textile hub of Poland.

(i) Seven Indian companies from the states of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Rajasthan) visited Pozna? in November 2019 to participate in one of biggest local events promoting stone market.

(j) Poland participated in the West Bengal Investors Summit in February 2019. Poland was   one of 12 partner countries.  The major focus of the summit was to display the state’s pro-business environment and offer business partnership opportunities to the global community. Polish delegation consisted of Mr Grzegorz Tobiszowski, First Deputy, Ministry of Energy, accompanied by other representatives of the Ministry, as well as officials from Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Digital Affairs, etc.

(k) An official delegation led by the Deputy Director, Department of Trade and International Cooperation, Ministry of Entrepreneurship and Technology participated  in the Vibrant Gujarat Summit in January 2019.

(l) Mr Amit Lohani, President of Federation of Indian Food Importers took part in the European Agricultural Forum in Jasionka (Podkarpacie, South-East of Poland), in March 2019.

(M) In February 2020, a delegation from Coal India Limited, visited Krakow, Poland to participate in a workshop on “ Post Mining Perspectives”. During the visit, the delegation had a B2B/B2G interaction with representatives of the Polish Ministry of Assets, the Central Mining Institute of Poland and leading Polish mining companies like JSW etc.  A detailed discussion regarding possibile cooperation in the the coal mining & training sector was held.

48. Tourism Promotion:  (i) The inaugural edition of FestiwalKulturyPodrozySwiatoPogl?d - Festival of World Travel Culture - at Torun focused on promoting tourism and culture of India was organized in March 2019 (ii) During the TydzienIndyjskie Festival in Ursynowie in October 2019, 4 Indian movies were screened (iii) Embassy of India in association with the Indo-Polish Chamber of Commerce and Industry and Polish Chamber of Commerce, organized a Tour Operators Conference in April 2019. The event was aimed at presenting opportunities for tourism sector. The conference was addressed especially to tourism agents and operators, who may promote India as an attractive destination for Polish holidaymakers, and also for Polish business persons and potential investors (iv) Inauguration of Direct Flight on Warsaw-Delhi Sector: Ceremonies were held in Warsaw and in Delhi for the inaugural flight of Polish Airlines LOT on the Warsaw-Delhi sector on 11th and 12th September, 2019. The LOT flight on the Warsaw-Delhi sector started operations five times a week. LOT, is a part of Star Alliance of which Air India is also a member. Deputy Foreign Minister of Poland Marcin Przydacz travelled on the inaugural flight from Warsaw to Delhi. (v) India participated as the partner country in the World Travel Show in October 2019. India Tourism, Paris put up an India Pavilion at the Expo showcasing the numerous touristic attractions in India.

III Cultural and Educational Relations:

49. Indology: There is a strong tradition of Indology studies in Poland, with Polish scholars having translated Sanskrit into Polish as early as in the 19th Century. Sanskrit was being studied at the 600 year old Jagiellonian University in Krakow (the oldest in Poland) in 1860-61, with a Chair of Sanskrit being established there in 1893. The Indology Department of the Oriental Institute at the University of Warsaw (established in 1932) is the biggest centre for Indian studies in Central Europe. Study of Indian languages, literature, culture and Indology is also pursued at the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan and the Wroclaw University. ICCR sponsored the first Central & Eastern European regional conference of Indology in Warsaw University in September 2005 in which 19 scholars from 11 countries participated. A Hindi Chair is in place at the University of Warsaw and Dr. Sudhanshu Shukla has joined as Chair in November 2018.  An MoU for establishment of an ICCR chair of Indian studies at the Jagiellonian University, Krakow for the period 2017-18 to 2019-2020 was signed in February 2017 and Professor RohitWanchoo has joined the University.  The Embassy had earlier a Teacher of Indian Culture for teaching yoga, Sanskrit and Indian tradition and a Kathak Dance Teacher. Currently, the posts are vacant and ICCR is in the process of selecting suitable substitutes.

Student’s exchange

50. Students exchange: Students from Poland are given scholarships under ICCR schemes to study in India every year. Kendriya Hindi Sansthan, Agra provides four scholarships to Polishstudents to study Hindi. Nearly 100 Polish officials have availed of the ITEC capacity building training since 2007. Indian students have been studying in Poland on self-financing basis in areas such as medicine, engineering, town planning, ship-building, and coal-mining. The number of such students has climbed to over 4000.

Academic Faculty Exchange:

51. Academic Faculty Exchange: University of Warsaw has institutional arrangements with several Indian universities, including JNU, University of Calcutta, Manipal University, Mangalore University, under which Indian professors visit the university and conduct classes. They also participate in seminars/conferences and share their perspectives at public lectures focused on India’s development priorities/agenda among others. An Academic Cooperation Agreement between the University of Calcutta and the University of Silesia, represented by their Vice Chancellors was signed on 10 May, 2017 during the European Economic Congress at Katowice.

52. A Memorandum of Understanding between the Warsaw University of Technology (PolitechnikaWarszawska) and Gujarat Technological University for cooperation in research and education exchange projects was signed in May 2017. Rectors and Vice-Rectors of six prominent Polish universities visited Gujarat Forensic Sciences University (GFSU), Gandhinagar and Gujarat Technological University for strengthening academic cooperation between the universities in Poland and Gujarat. During their visit, six MoU's for cooperation in unique forensic studies (especially in Forensic Cybersecurity) were signed. The delegation also visited Gujarat Technological University and signed a Letter of Intent to facilitate faculty exchange, student exchange and credit transfer system. In April 2018, Rectors / Vice Rectors of 15 Polish universities accompanied by the Head of the Conference of Rectors of Academic Schools in Poland (CRASP), Perspektywy Education Foundation and representative of Ministry of Science and Higher Education visited Ahmedabad and Cochin promoting ‘Study in Poland’. 

Cultural exchanges

53. Polish journalists, academics and other opinion-makers have visited India under ICCR’s ‘Distinguished Visitors Program’. Over the years, several cultural troupes have visited Poland and staged performances in many Polish cities. From the Polish side, several musical, art and film shows have been organized in India. An active Polish Cultural Institute functions within the Polish Mission in New Delhi, with its premises in JorBagh.

Yoga

54. Poland has over 100-year history of yoga. Currently, there are over 300,000 yoga practitioners in Poland, with about 1,000 yoga centers and 8,000 teachers propagating Yoga in Poland. The Association of Schools of Yoga, started in 2013 with 11 yoga schools, has now 50 yoga schools under its umbrella. The Art of Living Foundation, Brahma Kumaris University and the Association of Yoga Iyengar are some of the prominent associations promoting yoga in Poland. International Day of Yoga (IDY) is celebrated every year with much enthusiasm and participation.

55. The Wroclaw University in western Poland, close to Germany, has commenced a new post-graduate studies program in classical Yoga starting this year. The Opole University in the neighboring region offers a post-graduate diploma program in holistic health management based on Ayurveda and Yoga, in collaboration with the Sulislaw Institute of Yoga and Ayurveda (SIYA).

Ayurveda

56. The Sulislaw Institute of Yoga and Ayurveda (SIYA) annually hosts an international scientific conference focused on yoga and Ayurveda following the International Day of Yoga (IDY) celebrations. The Embassy organized Ayurveda Days at its premises in 2017, 2018 and 2019 with participation of Indian Ayurvedic doctors, Polish practitioners of Ayurvedic treatments and therapy, Warsaw University of Life Sciences and business organizations promoting Ayurvedic healing and cosmetic products. Ayush scholarships are offered to the Polish students to study Ayurveda & Yoga in India.

Films

57. Poland is becoming a major destination for shooting of Indian films. This will boost tourism and cultural interaction between the two countries. Bangistan, Aazaan, Fanaa, Yah Jo Hai Mohabbat, Kick, Shaandaar, 24 (Tamil) are some of the Indian films shot in Poland and several Bollywood films have been released in Poland, simultaneously with their global release. Polish cinematographers have been working in Bollywood films and their talent is much sought after by Bollywood producers.

Good Maharaja Connection

58.  A monument, commemorating Jam SahebDigvijaysinhjiRanjitsinhjiJadeja of Nawanagar, was unveiled on 31 October, 2014 at the Square of the Good Maharaja, Ochota District, Warsaw,Poland. Another plaque commemorating the Valivade-Kolhapur camp near the Monte Casino War Memorial was inaugurated on 10 November 2017 in Warsaw. Earlier, on 11 March, 2016, the Polish Parliament unanimously passed a resolution honoring the kindness and generosity of the Maharaja on his 50th death anniversary. Eight Polish primary and secondary schools are named after Jam Saheb, known as ‘Good Maharaja’ in Poland. The Maharaja had accepted more than 1000 Polish refugees, mainly children, as they escaped the depredations of the Second World War in the 1940’s. The surviving Polish children have formed an Association of Poles, which meets annually in one of the Polish cities, with Ambassador attending their 19th Congress in Wroclaw on 22 May 2018. On 30th September 2018, the Polish Embassy in New Delhi celebrated the centenary of re-gaining of independence by Poland at the Sainik School in Balachadi, a part of which was the campsite for Polish survivors, under its 'Generation to Generation' program.

Commemorating Indian leaders

59.  A bust of Mahatma Gandhi has been placed in the library of University of Warsaw. It was unveiled on May 23, 2002 by the Lok Sabha Speaker, Shri Manohar Joshi. Three streets in Warsaw are named after Indian leaders - Mahatma Gandhi, Indira Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru and Rabindranath Tagore. Krakow and Lodz also have streets named after Mahatma Gandhi. Several bus stations are also named after these leaders. A bust of Mahatma Gandhi has also been installed at the Embassy complex. The same was unveiled by the then Hon’ble Vice President Shri Hamid Ansari in April 2017.

Friendship Societies

60. There are eleven Indo-Polish Friendship Societies promoting Indian culture and people-to-people contacts locally: (i) Indo-Polish Cultural Committee (IPCC); (ii) Indian Association of Poland (IAP); (iii) Mantra Culture & Community Centre (MCCC); (iv) Friends of India in Wroclaw (FIW); (v) Friends of India in Poland, Warsaw; (vi) India International Foundation, Warsaw; (vii) Indian Culture & Sport Centre, Warsaw; and (viii) India Study Centre; (ix) The Association of Bengalis in Poland; (x) Tamil Association; (xi) Polish Carom Association and the Association of Keralite in Poland.

IV Consular Relations

61. 60 years of diplomatic contact: Commemorating outreach events marking the 60th anniversary of establishment of diplomatic relations were held in 2014, including seminars, film weeks, performing arts, business forums, cuisine festivals, exhibitions, etc in both the countries.

62. Embassy complex: The Embassy shifted to its new Chancery-cum-residential complex, measuring 9,657 square meters, in August 2015. The Chancery is located in the heart of Warsaw that is next to the world famous Lazienki Park on two sides. It has an auditorium, an atrium, a gallery and twelve living quarters. Additional works in the second phase of the project are underway. The Embassy complex was officially inaugurated by the then Vice President of India, Shri M. Hamid Ansari, on 28th April 2017.

63. Honorary Consulate: Since January 2018, India has an Honorary Consulate in Wroclaw city.

64. Polish diplomatic representation in India: Besides the Polish Embassy in New Delhi and the Consulate General in Mumbai, Poland has two Honorary Consulates in Kolkata and Bengaluru.

65. Indian Community:Estimated at approximately 15,000, the Indian community in Poland consists of traders (textiles, garments and electronics) who came after the collapse of communism and professionals with multinational or Indian companies and software/IT experts. Around 5000 students are currently pursuing studies in various universities in Poland. There are over 100 Indian restaurants in Poland.

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March 2022