India and Poland
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भारत का राजदूतावास, वार्सा

Embassy of India, Warsaw


India-Poland Relations

I. Political Relations

India and Poland share a long-standing friendly relationship, marked by high level political contacts, vibrant economic engagement and a strong defence partnership. Diplomatic relations were established in 1954, leading to the opening of the Indian Embassy in Warsaw in 1957.  The two countries shared common ideological perceptions, based on their opposition to colonialism, imperialism and racism.  During the Communist era, bilateral relations were close and cordial, with regular high level visits (five VVIP visits from India – beginning with Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru in 1955 - and four from Poland), coupled with planned trade and economic interactions by state trading organizations, underpinned by the rupee clearing arrangements.  In this period, significant exchanges continued in defence, science and technology, and culture.

The relationship continued to remain close after Poland chose the democratic path in 1989. India and Poland transitioned to hard currency trading arrangements that were sustained by rising levels of trade as both economies grew in size and heft. A cordial political relationship has emerged in the current century, particularly after Poland joined the EU in 2004, and became one of India’s key economic partners in Central Europe.


Over the decades, India and Poland have had robust exchanges at the level of Heads of State and Government. Earlier major visits from India to Poland include: Presidents V.V. Giri (1970), Zail Singh (1986), S.D. Sharma (1996) and Prime Ministers Jawaharlal Nehru (1955), Indira Gandhi (1967) and Morarji Desai (1979). From the Polish side, visits include: Presidents Alexander Kwasniewski (1998), Lech Walesa (1994 and 1998), Prime Ministers Cyrankieweicz (1957) and Jaroszewicz (1973), Polish United Workers’ Party First Secretary Gierek (1977) and Gen. Jaruszelski (1985). After democracy came to Poland in 1990, high-level contacts continued with the visits of Polish President Aleksander Kwasniewski (1998) and Polish PM Leszek Miller (2003). The President of India, Smt. Pratibha Patil, visited Poland in April 2009, and Polish PM Donald Tusk paid a state visit to India in September 2010.


A number of bilateral agreements are operational, including: Agreement on Cultural Cooperation (1957); Agreement on Avoidance of Double Taxation (1981); Agreement on Cooperation in Science and Technology (1993); Protocol on Foreign Office Consultations (1996); Agreement on Promotion and Protection of Investments (1996); Agreement on Cooperation in Combating Organized Crime and International Terrorism (2003); MOU on Defence Cooperation (2003); Extradition Treaty (2003); Agreement on Economic Cooperation (2006); Agreement on Cooperation in the field of Health Care and Medical Science (2009); and Agreement on Cooperation in the field of Tourism (2009). A Cultural Exchange Programme is under discussion. An Agreement on Cooperation in Agriculture and allied sectors is also under discussion.

Parliamentary Exchanges

Contacts between the Indian and Polish Parliaments were established after the overthrow of the Communist system in 1989. Polish parliamentary delegations have visited India in December 1992, March 2000, January 2003 and December 2004. Speaker of Lok Sabha, Shri Manohar Joshi, led a multi-party Parliamentary delegation to Poland in May 2002. Subsequently, a Parliamentary Friendship Group with Poland was constituted in both the Parliaments. A 19-member Polish-Indian Parliamentary Group, comprising members from both Sejm (Lower House) and the Senate, has been formed after convening of the new Parliament elected in October 2015.

Foreign Office Consultations

Both sides have been regularly engaging in Foreign Office Consultations since 1996. Most recently, Secretary (West), Ms Sujata Mehta led the Foreign Office consultations held on 24 August, 2016 in Warsaw with the Polish side being led by Deputy Foreign Minister Katarzyna Kacperczyk. The talks focused on high-level bilateral visits, economic cooperation, co-ordination in international fora, the migration crisis, Brexit, the crisis in Ukraine and the situation in South Asia.

II. Commercial Relations

Trade in Goods

Poland is India’s largest trade partner and export destination in the Central European region, with bilateral trade growing almost seven-fold over the last ten years. In 2016, bilateral trade was US$ 2.76 billion [Indian exports – USD 2.1 billion; Indian imports – USD 0.66 billion]. Both countries have, in June 2015, set a target to double their bilateral trade by the year 2018. Indian exports presently account for 1% of global Polish imports. Bilateral trade has grown by 25% in the year 2016, as compared to the previous year.

The bilateral goods trade figures for the last few years are given below:

Polish Statistics:










India’s Exports









India’s imports









Trade turnover









Source: Central Statistical office of Poland (GUS) (In US$ Million)

Indian Statistics:





































Source: DGCI, Kolkata/Ministry of Commerce (In US$ Million)

[The variations in the statistics are attributable in part to differences in the data w.r.t textile exports from India. Polish statistics capture textile exports sourced from India coming from third country destinations like Dubai while Indian statistics do not factor in such exports.]

Trade in Services

During 2015, Indian services sector exports to Poland amounted to US$ 77 million, while imports amounted to US$ 88 million. The services trade was primarily in the IT sector.


Indian investments in Poland are valued at over US$3 billion and include ArcelorMittal, Videocon, Escorts, Strides Arcolab, Reliance Industries, Ranbaxy, Essel Propack, KPIT Cummins, Zensar Technologies Ltd, Tata Consultancy Services, HCL Technologies Ltd, Infosys and Wipro, Jindal Stainless, Berger Paints India, UFLEX and Glenmark Pharmaceuticals, Rishab Instruments (acquired Lumel) and CRISIL.

Polish companies that operate in India include Torunskie Zaklady Materialow Opatrunkowych (TZMO) in Dindigul (manufacturing hygiene and sanitary products), Can-Pack Poland in Aurangabad (manufacturing metal packaging), Geofizyka Torun, Famur Group, Solaris (eco buses) and Ekolog (waste to energy). Total Polish investment is about US$600 million.

Sectoral Collaboration

Engineering Sector Collaboration: Polish public sector companies have, in the past, played a substantial role in development of mining and power sectors in India. They have collaborated in reorganization of some Indian collieries, besides supplying mining machinery, equipment, technical know-how and training.

India Show at Poznan (June 2014): India showcased its engineering prowess in the ‘India Show’ at Poznan, Poland in June 2014, in which more than 100 Indian engineering companies, chiefly from the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises sector, participated. The event coincided with ITM Poznan, Poland’s biggest technology and machine tools fair and was coordinated by EEPC and Ministry of Commerce and Department of Heavy Industries. India was granted ‘Partner Country’ status by the Government of Poland.

India’s IT & ICT Sector in Poland: Indian companies have sensed opportunities in Poland for over a decade and have made it a destination of choice for near-shoring operations targeted at Europe. Around thirteen Indian IT companies, employing more than 10,000 professionals, are currently active in Poland.

First Poland-India IT forum in Krakow (July 2015): The flagship Digital India programme, unveiled in India on July 1, 2015 was showcased at the first Poland India IT Forum in Krakow in July 2015. The IT Forum was held at the premises of AGH University of Science and Technology in Krakow and was jointly organized by Małopolska Region, Poland India Business Council, the AGH University. It was supported by the Ministry of Administration and Digitization of Poland and the Embassy of India, Warsaw. The aim of the forum was to highlight the growing engagement in the IT sectors between Indian and Poland and find synergies for future cooperation. Dr N.R. Narayana Murthy, co-founder of Infosys, was honoured with a Doctor Honoris Causa by the AGH University during the event.

Sub national partnerships

State-to-State relations exist between Punjab and Lubelskie region and also between erstwhile Andhra Pradesh and Malopolska region. In October, 2016, a cooperation agreement was signed between Karnataka and Wielkopolska region. During the 2017 Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit, two MoUs were signed between Mazovia as well as Podkarpackie regions of Poland with the State of Gujarat. Five more State-to-State cooperation agreements are under discussion between the respective State Governments of both countries.

Exchange of Government and Business delegations

More than 18 major business delegations have been exchanged in 2016 and early 2017, strengthening the economic partnership. Key visits included :

Council of Leather Exports delegation (March 2017): Mr R. Ramesh Kumar, Executive Director, Council for Leather Exports visited Poland in March, 2017 and interacted with Leather and footwear importers Associations and discussed plans to increase India’s leather and footwear exports to Poland.

NBCC Delegation (March 2017): Mr Anoop Kumar Mittal, Chairman cum Managing Director, National Buildings Construction Corporation Ltd (NBCC) visited Poland and engaged in meetings to explore opportunities for Indo-Polish collaboration in housing and infrastructure sector.

Visit of Polish Deputy Minister of Agriculture (March 2017): Polish Deputy Minister of Agriculture, Ms Ewa Lech, visited India in March, 2017 for participating in the AAHAR Trade Fair and for meetings with the Ministry of Food Processing Industries. She also participated in a Conference: India - Poland bilateral cooperation in Agriculture and allied sectors, in New Delhi on 8th March, 2017. The Polish delegation visits AAHAR every year.

Vibrant Ceramics delegation (March 2017): A delegation headed by Mr K.G. Kundariya, President of the Morbi Ceramics Association, Gujarat, visited Poland in March, 2017 and met with various Chambers of Commerce to promote Vibrant Ceramics Expo & Summit 2017, scheduled in November, 2017 at Gandhinagar, Gujarat.

Visit by Dy.PM to India (January 2017): The Polish Dy.PM and the Minister of Culture and National Heritage, Prof. Piotr Glinski, led a 27-member official delegation, including the Deputy Ministers of Economic Development and Foreign Affairs, as well as the two Marshals (CMs) of Podkarpackie and Mazowieckie Provinces of Poland, to the 8th Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit in January, 2017. A 40-member business delegation, coordinated by the IPCCI, accompanied the official delegation. Poland was the Partner Country at the Vibrant Gujarat Summit 2017.

Upper Silesia Region attended Bengal Global Business Summit (January, 2017): A 9-member delegation from the Upper Silesia province of Poland, led by the Regional Board Member, City Council representatives and officials, Vice Presidents of the Regional Chamber of Commerce, University of Silesia and the Silesian University of Technology, along with two officials from the Polish Foreign Office and a 5-member business delegation attended the Bengal Global Business Summit in Kolkata in January, 2017. The delegation called on the CM of West Bengal and participated in the inaugural and international plenary sessions (20 Jan), besides delivering presentations in the 11 sectoral sessions and participating in the B2B sessions.

India-Europe 29 Business Forum (December 2016): A 9-member Polish business delegation covering sectors of energy, furniture, aviation, trade fairs/exhibitions, attended the India-Europe 29 Business Forum in Delhi on 8-9 December 2016. Earlier, the Polish Deputy Foreign Minister, Leszek Soczewica, accompanied by a high-level delegation comprising of senior officials and businessmen, participated in the 2nd India Central - Europe Business Forum (ICEBF) in Bengaluru in October 2015.

Capexil delegation (November 2016): A 16-member CAPEXIL delegation, led by Shri M.F. Vohra, Chairman and CMD of Zenith Group of Rubber Industries, visited Poland during 28 – 30 November, 2016 and participated in a Seminar organised by the Embassy of India, in collaboration with the IPCCI at the Polish Chamber of Commerce, Warsaw on 29th November, 2016. Ambassador Ajay Bisaria spoke at the seminar, outlining India’s growing attractiveness as a business partner. The delegates then engaged in B2B meetings, to explore opportunities for joint ventures in rubber products.

President, SME Chamber of India (October 2016): Shri Chandrakant Salunkhe, President of SME Chamber of India based in Mumbai visited Poland from 12 to 14 October and engaged in meetings with the Deputy Marshal of Mazovia region and also participated in various B2B meetings with Polish companies.

Karnataka Ministerial delegation (September 2016): A 4 member high level delegation from Karnataka, led by Minister for Large and Medium Industries and Infrastructure Development, Shri R.V. Deshpande visited Poland from 9 to 13 October, 2016. The delegation participated in the POL-ECO-SYSTEM Trade Fair on environmentally sustainable technologies in Poznan, entered into a cooperation agreement with the industrially advanced region of Wielkopolska on various areas including Automotive, Infrastructure, logistics, Information Technology, R&D, Agriculture & Food processing, Environment protection and Water resources management, visited the Poznan University of Life Sciences and the Younick Technology Park and participated in a business seminar in Warsaw titled: “Investment Opportunities in Karnataka, which invited participation from around 40 Polish and Indian companies besides Government officials from the Polish Ministry of Economic Development.

West Bengal delegation (September 2016): An Indian business delegation led by Shri Mohan Goenka, Honorary Consular of the Republic of Poland in Kolkata, visited Poland for a series of meetings with high level Government dignitaries including Deputy Ministers of Economic Development and Foreign Affairs, Chambers of Commerce & Industry and with Individual companies of commercial interest to India. During their meetings in Upper Silesia, the delegation expressed interest in possible cooperation between West Bengal and Upper Silesia region of Poland, in various areas including food processing, coal & mining, tea, IT, textile, fisheries and waste processing. The Indian delegation put together an investment plan for Poland.

Gujarat delegation (September 2016): A 10-member delegation led by Ms S. Aparna, Principal Secretary to the Gujarat CM, visited (7-11 September) Warsaw, Rzeshow, Krakow & Gdansk to promote the Vibrant Gujarat Summit. The delegation held extensive discussions with the Deputy Minister of Economic Development, Ministry of Culture (heritage development), Mayor of Warsaw (business and educational linkages), Marshal (CM) of Transcarpathia (pharmaceuticals, auto, IT), Vice Marshal of Pomerania (shipbuilding & education), National Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KIG), Indo-Polish Chamber of Commerce & Industry (IPCCI), AGH University of Science & Technology (mining technology) & Jagiellonian University. Poland is a Partner Country at the Vibrant Gujarat Summit (10-13 January 2017).

Secretary (Agriculture) (August 2016): At the invitation of the Polish Dy.Minister for Agriculture, Secretary (Agriculture), Shri S.K. Pattanayak, visited (29-31 August) Poland alongwith Dr. V.K. Srivastava, Jt.Director. Both sides discussed a range of issues, including enhancing trade in agri-food products, signing an MOU in the field of agriculture, and stepping up scientific and technological cooperation in agricultural areas. Poland requested access for Polish apples to the Indian market and made proposals on “cold treatment” of apples prior to their shipment to India. India has acceded to Poland’s request and a formal notification, revising the phytosanitary conditions is expected to be issued soon.

Coal & Mining (June 2016): A 4-member coal delegation, led by Shri Anil Swarup, Secretary (Coal), and comprising Chairman of Coal India Ltd. (CIL), Shri Sutirtha Bhattacharya, and other senior officials of the Ministry of Coal, visited Warsaw, Bełchatów, Kraków & Katowice, in June 2016. The delegation held discussions with the Polish delegation led by the Deputy Minister of Economy Development, Radosław Domagalski-Łabedzki, and held on-site visits to mines & technology universities in Poland. Fifteen officials from Coal India are currently undertaking capacity building training programmes at the AGH S&T University in Krakow during February 2017.

Defence partnership - Defexpo (March 2016): A Polish delegation led by PGZ President, Arkadiusz Siwko, visited India for Defexpo in Goa in March 2016. The delegation had constructive interactions with Defence Ministry officials as also with public and private sector defence companies in India.

Agriculture exchange - AAHAR (March 2016): In March 2016, a delegation of five companies led by Polish Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Rural Development, Ms Ewa Lech attended AAHAR 2016.

Asian Mining Congress (February 2016): Deputy Minister for Economic Development, Radosław Domagalski-Łabędzki, visited Kolkata with a group of Polish companies to attend the 6th Asian Mining Congress in February 2016. He participated in seminars and had several interactions with Indian companies in the coal and mining sector.

Make in India Week (February 2016): First Deputy Prime Minister of Poland, Prof. Piotr Glinski, led a strong delegation of more than 50 officials and businessmen for the Make in India Week in February 2016. Prof. Glinski called on Prime Minister Modi and discussed a roadmap of bilateral economic cooperation. He also extended an invitation from the Polish Prime Minister to the PM to visit Poland. He held meetings with the Indian Ministers of Finance, Commerce, Coal and Steel. To promote relations with Indian states, DPM Glinski also met with the Chief Ministers of Maharashtra and Haryana. The Polish delegation interacted with captains of Indian industry and also held meetings with the Minister for Food Processing of India. The Polish Deputy PM addressed a seminar on future vistas for Indo-Polish cooperation and also spoke at a sectoral seminar on power and coal.

Institutional Linkages and Programs

4th Session of the JCEC in Warsaw: The fourth Session of the India-Poland Joint Commission on Economic Cooperation (JCEC) was held in Warsaw, in June 2015. The Commission was co-chaired by Shri Amitabh Kant, Secretary, and Mr. Jerzy Pietreiwicz, Secretary of State, Ministry of Economy of Poland. The highlight of the protocol was the setting of an ambitious trade target of US$5 billion by 2018 (2014 level: US$2.4 billion).  The Commission detailed a plan for stepping up investments and identified a series of actions to raise bilateral economic cooperation. Three newly-created bilateral Joint Working Groups (JWGs) on Coal, IT and Food Processing also met and identified specific areas of cooperation in their respective domains.

Make in India and Go India: In March 2015, the ‘Make in India’ campaign was formally launched in Warsaw. Poland is working on an updated ‘Go India’ programme to financially motivate companies to go to India.

Tourism Promotion in Poland: More than 25,000 Polish tourists are estimated to have visited India in 2016. Extensive tourism promotion to India was conducted in Poland through distribution of tourism material at all major India trade and tourism promotion events and trade fairs and through active support and participation in the events organized by the India Tourism Office in Frankfurt in Poland. The India Tourist Office, Frankfurt participated at the 24th International Tourism & Travel Fair in Warsaw in November 2016. Know India Seminars were held in Warsaw and Krakow in November 2016, as part of the outreach to Polish tourism professionals and tour operators. Earlier, in October 2016, the India Tourism Office and Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA) India Chapter, organized Roadshow & B2B meetings in Warsaw, which was attended by 12 Indian tour operators, Air India & Jet Airways together with 50 local Polish tour operators. Similar Roadshows were earlier organized at Krakow and Warsaw in July 2015, with participation of around 18 tour and travel operators from India and several local tour operators.

III Cultural and Educational Relations:

Poland has a strong and long-standing affinity for Indian culture, bolstered by a frequent exchange of cultural troupes and delegations.


There is a strong tradition of Indology studies in Poland, with Polish scholars having translated Sanskrit into Polish as early as in the 19th Century. Sanskrit was being studied at the 600 year old Jagiellonian University in Krakow (the oldest in Poland) in 1860-61 with a Chair of Sanskrit being established in 1893. The Indology Department of the Oriental Institute at the University of Warsaw (established in 1932) is the biggest centre for Indian studies in Central Europe. ICCR sponsored the first Central & Eastern European regional conference of Indology in Warsaw University in September 2005 in which 19 scholars from 11 countries participated.  A Hindi Chair is in place at the University of Warsaw. A Tamil chair is being re-established at the University of Warsaw, which will be shared with the Jagiellonian University. Hindi Teachers have also been deployed, with ICCR support, at the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Jagiellonian University in Krakow and Technical University of Gdansk. A chair of Modern Studies is sought to be established at the Jagiellonian University.

Students exchange

Students from Poland are given scholarships under ICCR schemes to study in India every year. Kendriya Hindi Sansthan, Agra provides four scholarships to Polish students to study Hindi. Nearly 100 Polish officials have availed of the ITEC capacity building training since 2007. Indian students have been studying in Poland on private basis in areas such as medicine, engineering, town planning, ship-building, and coal-mining. The number of such students has climbed to over 2500.

Academic Faculty Exchange:

University of Warsaw has institutional arrangements with several Indian universities, including JNU, University of Calcutta, Manipal University, Mangalore University, under which Indian professors visit the university and conduct classes. They also participate in seminars/conferences and share their perspectives at public lectures focused on India’s development priorities/agenda among others.

Cultural exchanges

Polish journalists, academics and other opinion-makers have visited India under ICCR’s ‘Distinguished Visitors Programme’. Over the years, several cultural troupes have visited Poland and staged performances in many Polish cities. From the Polish side, several musical, art and film shows have been organized in India. An active Polish Cultural Institute functions within the Polish Mission in New Delhi, with its premises in Jor Bagh.


The 2nd International Day of Yoga (IDY) Festival was celebrated in Poland for three days from 19-21 June, 2016. The festival was organized in over 25 cities in Poland with an overwhelming participation of over 20,000 people. The first International Day of Yoga was organized in 21 cities in Poland on June 21, 2015. An estimated 11000 people participated in public events. The flagship event was held in the capital city Warsaw. Several Polish celebrities and ‘yoga ambassadors’ have joined the Yoga movement. Currently around 1000 centres and 8,000 teachers are propagating Yoga in Poland. There are over 3,00,000 yoga practitioners in the country. Preparations are currently underway to organize the 3rd IDY in June 2017 in Pole Mokotowski Park in Warsaw.


The Opole University, in collaboration with Ayurveda and Yoga Centre of Sulislaw, offers a degree course in Ayurveda & Yoga. Ayush scholarships are offered annually to the Polish students to study Ayurveda & Yoga in India.


Poland is becoming a major destination for shooting of Indian films. We expect this will boost tourism and cultural interaction between the two countries. Bangistan, Aazaan, Fanaa, Yah Jo Hai Mohabbat, Kick, Shaandaar, 24 (Tamil) are some of the Indian films shot in Poland. Several Bollywood films including ‘Fan’ and “Ae Dil Hae Mushkil” have been released in Poland, simultaneously with their global release.

Good Maharaja Connection

A monument commemorating Jam Saheb Digvijaysinhji Ranjitsinhji Jadeja of Nawanagar, was unveiled on 31 October, 2014 at the Square of the Good Maharaja, Ochota District, Warsaw, Poland. A Polish school is also named after the Maharaja. On 11 March, 2016, the Polish Parliament unanimously passed a resolution honouring the kindness and generosity of the Maharaja on his 50th death anniversary. The Maharaja had accepted more than 1000 Polish refugees, mainly children, as they escaped the depredations of the Second World War in the 1940’s.

Commemorating Indian leaders

A bust of Mahatma Gandhi has been placed in the library of University of Warsaw. It was unveiled on May 23, 2002 by the Lok Sabha Speaker, Shri Manohar Joshi. Three streets in Warsaw are named after Indian leaders - Mahatma Gandhi, Indira Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore. Krakow and Lodz also have streets named after Mahatma Gandhi. Several bus stations are also named after these leaders.

Friendship Societies

There are eight Indo-Polish Friendship Societies promoting Indian culture and people-to-people contacts locally: (i) Indo-Polish Cultural Committee (IPCC); (ii) Indian Association of Poland (IAP); (iii) Mantra Culture & Community Centre (MCCC); (iv) Friends of India in Wroclaw (FIW); (v) Friends of India in Poland, Warsaw; (vi) India International Foundation, Warsaw; (vii) Indian Culture & Sport Centre, Warsaw; and (viii) Indo-Polish Writers Association.

IV Consular Relations

Indian Mission in Poland

60 years of diplomatic contact: 2014 assumed special significance in our bilateral relationship as its being the 60th year of establishment of diplomatic relations between India and Poland. To commemorate this historic event, a series of outreach activities including seminars, film weeks, performing arts, business forums, cuisine festivals, exhibitions, etc were held in both the countries.

New Embassy premises: The Embassy has shifted to its new Chancery complex, measuring 9,657 square meters, in August 2015. The Chancery is located in the heart of Warsaw and is recognised as one of the finest Embassy buildings in the city. It faces the world famous Lazienki Park on two sides. It has an auditorium, an atrium, a gallery and twelve living quarters. Additional works in the second phase of the project are underway.

Visas: The Embassy of India in Warsaw issues around 20,000 visas annually, for Poland and Lithuania. Poland has been included in e-TV scheme of Government of India with effect from August 15, 2015. Under the scheme, over 8500 Polish nationals have visited India during January to December 2016, indicating rising number of Poles availing of e-TV visa facility.

Polish diplomatic representation in India

Besides the Polish Embassy in New Delhi and the Consulate General in Mumbai, Poland has two Honorary Consulates in Kolkata and Bengaluru.

Indian Community

Estimated at approximately 7500, the Indian community in Poland consists of traders (textiles, garments and electronics) who came after the collapse of communism, and professionals with multinational or Indian companies and software/ IT experts, besides rising number of Indian students currently estimated at 2,500. There are about 60 Indian restaurants in Poland.


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April 3, 2017