Fact Sheet of Poland
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Official Name

Republic of Poland


Warsaw (Population: 1.76 million) (2016)


3,12,679 square kilometres


Zloty(PLN) [1 USD = 3.9 PLN]


US$ 477 billion (2016)

GDP Growth Rate

2.8% ( Jan 2016)


8.5% (Jan 2017) *

GDP Per Capita

US$ 14,650 [2016]*

Forest Cover

32.5% [2016]

CO2 emissions

310307 thousand tonnes (2016)

Tourist Arrivals

16.72 million (2015); Germany (6.01 million), Ukraine (1.19 million) Outbound tourists from Poland - 10.9 Million (2016); mostly to Germany (2.1 million), Italy (0.9 million) & USA (0.8 million)


38.57 million (2017) # (Ranked 37 in the world)

Age Profile

Median age 40.3 years; 43.5% of population is 25-54 years old

Life expectancy

Average life expectancy : Men, 73.7 years; Women, 81.7 years (2016)


Native Polish 96.9%. Other languages spoken are Kashubian and Silesian.

Ethnic groups

Polish 96.91%; Silesian 1.1%; German 0.2% and Ukrainian 0.1%.


Catholic 87.2%, Orthodox 1.3% and Protestant (0.4%)

Internet Penetration

72.4% of the population are internet users, in 2015, penetration of internet access services amounted to 101.6%

Mobile phones

In 2016, the penetration of mobile services amounted to 147.2% ##


60.5%(23,135,249 people in 2017) ###


US$ 203 billion (2016) [Polish official Trade Statistics]


US$ 198 billion(2016) [Polish official Trade Statistics]

Main Trade Partners

Germany, UK, Czech Republic, France and Italy


Political Structure

Parliamentary Republic

Major Political Parties

Polish People Party(PSL), The Civil Platform(PO), Law and Justice Party(PiS) and Modern Party(Nowoczesna).

Head of State

Mr Andrzej Duda

Head of Government

Ms Beata Szydło

India’s Exports

US$ 2.094 billion (2016) [Polish official Trade Statistics]

India’s Imports

US$ 0.669 billion (2016) [Polish official Trade Statistics]

Indian Investments in Poland

US$ 3 billion, including US1 billion by Arcelor Mittal [ArcelorMittal, Videocon, Escorts, Strides Arcolab, Reliance Industries, Ranbaxy, Essel Propack, KPIT Cummins, Zensar Technologies Ltd, Tata Consultancy Services, HCL Technologies Ltd, HCL Technologies, Infosys and Wipro, Jindal Stainless, Berger Paints India, UFLEX and Glenmark Pharmaceuticals.]

Polish Investments in India

US$ 600 million [Torunskie Zaklady Materialow Opatrunkowych (TZMO) in Dindigul (manufacturing hygiene and sanitary products), Can-Pack Poland in Aurangabad (manufacturing metal packaging), Geofizyka Torun. Famur Group, and Ekolog (waste to energy)]

Indian Community

7500 [3000 PIO’s ; 2000 NRI’s ; 2500 Students]